EVALUATION OF MECHANICAL AND METALLURGICAL PROPERTIES OF FRICTION WELDED INCONEL 600 AND AISI 304L AUSTENITIC STAINLESS STEEL DISSIMILAR JOINTS
Keywords:Friction welding, Dissimilar joints, Inconel 600, 304L, Mechanical properties, Metallurgical properties
The effect of mechanical properties of Inconel 600 and 304L austenitic stainless steel was evaluated by RT tensile, hot tensile, Charpy impact and hardness tests and the metallurgical properties of optical and scanning electron microscopy were used to analyse the microstructure of the welded joint. The bonded Inconel 600 and 304L austenitic stainless steel samples were produced by keeping the friction pressure, friction time and the rotational speed constant. The ultimate tensile strength, Percentage elongation, yield stress and maximum tensile load of the parent metal and welded joints were determined by RT tensile test and hot tensile tests. The welded specimen is evaluated by hardness test measurement. The highest ultimate tensile strength of 500 MPa was obtained in the joint. The highest ultimate hot tensile strength of 487MPa was obtained at the temperature of 300°C. A maximum hardness of 216 HV has been obtained near the weld interface in Inconel 600 and 199HV in 304L austenitic stainless steel.
Srinivasan M Loganathan C Balasubramanian V Nguyen Q B Gupta M and Narayanasamy R (2011), “Feasibility of joining AZ31B magnesium metal matrix composite by friction welding”, Materials and Design, Vol. 32 , 1672–1676.
Ozdemir N (2005), “Investigations of the mechanical properties of friction welded joints between AISI 304L, AISI steel as a function rotational speed.” Mater let, Vol.59, 2504-9.
Shah Hosseini H Shamanian M and Kermanbur (2011), “A Characterization of microstructures and metallurgical properties of Inconel 617/310 stainless steel dissimilar welds”, Materials characterization, Vol. 62, 425-431.
Emel Taban Jerry E Gould John C and Lippold (2010), “Dissimilar friction welding of 6061-T6 aluminum and AISI 1018 steel: Properties and microstructural characterization”, Materials and Design, Vol.31, 2305–2311.
Yao ZH Wang QY Zhang MC and Dong JX (2011), “Microstructure control and prediction of GH738 superalloy during hot deformation”, Acta Metall Sin,Vol. 47, 1591–9.
Ning YQ Fu MW and Chen X (2012), “Hot deformation behavior of GH4169 superalloy associated with stick δ phase dissolution during isothermal compression process”, Mater Sci Eng A, Vol.540, 164–73.
Paventhan R Lakshminarayanan P R and Balasubramanian V (2011), “Fatigue behaviour of friction welded medium carbon steel and austenitic stainless steel dissimilar joints”, Materials and Design, Vol.32, 1888–1894.
Ananthapadmanaban D SeshagiriRao V and Nikhil Abraham Prasad Rao K (2009), “A study of mechanical properties of friction welded mild steel to stainless steel joints,” Materials and Design, Vol. 30, 2642-2646.
SareCelik and Ismail Ersozlu (2009), “Investigations of the mechanical properties and microstructure of friction welded joints between AISI 4140 and AISI 1050 steels”, materials and design, Vol. 30, 970-976.
Muminsahin (2010), “Joining of aluminium and copper materials with friction welding”. Int J Adv Manuf. Technology, Vol. 49, 527-534.
Momeni A and Dehghani K (2010), “Prediction of dynamic recrystallization kinetics and grain size for 410 martensitic stainless steel during hot deformation”, Met Mater Int Vol.16, 843–9.
Rajashekar A Reddy GM Mohandas T and Murthy VSL (2008), “Influence of post weld heat treatments on microstructure and mechanical properties of AISI 431 martensitic stainless steel friction welds”, Int J Mater Sci Technol, Vol.24,202–12.
RadosławWiniczenkoa and MieczysławKaczorowskib (2013),“Friction welding of ductile iron with stainless steel”, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Vol. 213, 453– 462.
Behnken H and Hauk V (2000), “Micro-residual stresses caused by deformation, heat, or their combination during friction welding”, Mater Sci Eng, Vol. 289(A), 60–9.
Deng J Lin YC Li SS Chen J and Ding Y (2013), “Hot tensile deformation and fracture behaviors of AZ31 magnesium alloy”, Mater Des, Vol.49, 209–19.
Mirzaee M Keshmiri H Ebrahimi GR and Momeni A (2012), “Dynamic recrystallization and precipitation in low carbon low alloy steel 26NiCrMoV 14–5”, Mater Sci Eng A, Vol.551,25–31.
Shanjeevi C SatishKumar S and Sathiya P (2013), “Evaluation of Mechanical and Metallurgical properties of dissimilar materials by friction welding”, Procedia Engineering, Vol. 64, 1514 – 1523.
Sathiya P Aravindan S and NoorulHaq A (2007), “Effect of friction welding parameters on mechanical and metallurgical properties of ferritic stainless steel”, Int J Adv Manuf Technol, Vol.31, 1076–82.
Fukumoto S Tsubakino H Okita K Aritoshi M and Tomita T (1999), “Friction weldingprocess of 5052 aluminium alloy to 304 stainless steel”, Vol. 15, 1080–6.