FIBER SURFACE MODIFICATION EFFECTS ON TRIBO PROPERTIES OF LUFFA/USP COMPOSITES
Keywords:Luffa composite , alkali, Ca (OH)2 , silane, wear
Tribology investigation is one of the most important studies in natural fibers. In this studies using pin - on - disc wear tester the tribological behavior were tested and also mechanical, dry sliding wear behaviors of unsaturated polyester resin (USP), reinforced with natural luffa fibers were experimentally investigated. The chemical, physical and mechanical properties for luffa fiber were studied. For the luffa fiber composites the wear rate differentiations of 2, 3, 4m/s velocity for the 10N, 20N, 30N varying load with the different speed of 318rpm, 477rpm, and 637rpm for the same distance 3000m was determined. Wear rate, hardness, density difference between the NaOH, Trichlorovinyl Silane and Ca (OH)2 treated fiber composites are tabulated. Wear condition in tribological system and the wear mechanism in wear process these both things mainly depends on the analysis of surface topographies of wear components. Surface topographies are interface separation, inclined fracture of fibers, loss of matrix and etc.
Siqueira G Bras J Dufresne A (2010), “Luffacylindrica as a lignocellulosic source of fiber, microfibrillated cellulose, and cellulose nanocrystals” BioResources Vol. 5, 727–740.
YanjunXie Callum A S Hill Zefang Xiao HolgerMilitz Carsten Mai (2010), “Silane coupling agents used for natural fiber/polymer composites”, Composites: Part A, Vol. 41: 806–819.
Chandra R Singh S P Gupta K (1999), “Damping studies in fiber-reinforced composites”, A review Composite Structures, Vol.46: 41-51.
Lassaad Ghali Slah Msahli Mondher Zidi Faouzi Sakli (2011), “Effects of Fiber Weight Ratio, Structure and Fiber Modification onto Flexural Properties of Luffa-Polyester Composites”, Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry,Vol. 1, 78-85.
Jayabal S Sathiyamurthy S Loganathanand K T Kalyanasundaram S (2012), “Effect of soaking time and concentration of NaOH solution on mechanical properties of coir–polyester composites”, Bulletin of Materials Science, Vol. 35(4), 567–574.
Maria R Ricciardi VincenzaAntonucci Michele Giordan Mauro Zarrelli (2012), “Thermal decomposition and fire behavior of glass fiber - reinforced polyester resin composites containing phosphate-based fire-retardant additives”, Journal of Fire Sciences, Vol. 30(4), 318–330.
SrinivasNunna P Ravi Chandra SharadShrivastava Jalan A K (2012), “A review on mechanical behavior of natural fiber based hybrid composite”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 31(11), 759–769.
Marissa A Paglicawan Ma. Susana Cabillon Rosito P Cerbitoand Elizabeth O Santos Loofah (2005), “Fiber as Reinforcement Material for Composite Philippine Journal of Science”,Vol. 134 (2), 113-120.
Chandramohan D Marimuthu K “Tensile and Hardness Tests on Natural Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composite Material”, International Journal of Advanced Engineering Sciences And Technologies, Vol. 6 (1), 097 – 104.
Mizi Fan Dasong Dai Biao Huang (2012), “Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy for Natural Fibres, Fourier Transform - Materials Analysis”, DrSalihSalih (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-51-0594-7, InTech, DOI:10.5772/35482.Availablefrom: http://www.intechopen.com/books/fourier-transform-materials-analysis/fourier-transform-infrared-spectroscopy-for-natural-fibres
Ramakrishna Malkapuram Vivek Kumar Yuvraj Singh Negi (2009), “Recent Development in Natural Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 28(10) 1169-1189.
Onuegbu T U Umoh E T Okoroh N C (2013), “Tensile Behaviour and Hardness of Coconut Fibre-Ortho Unsaturated Polyester Composites”, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Chemistry, Vol. 13(1), 1-6.
Irullappasamy Siva JebasThangiah Winowlin Jappes BheemappaSuresha (2012), “Investigation on Mechanical and Tribological Behavior of Naturally Woven Coconut Sheath-Reinforced Polymer Composites polymer composites”, Vol. 33(5), 723-732.
Winowlin Jappes J T Siva I “Studies on the Influence of Silane Treatment on Mechanical Properties of Coconut Sheath-Reinforced Polyester Composite”, Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering, Vol. 51(1-6) 419-424.