Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Hybrid Composites of Discarded Fishnet and Glass Fibre Reinforcement with Polyester Matrix
Keywords:hybrid composites, Strength, Elastic Properties, Dynamic Mechanical Thermal Analysis, Scanning Electron Microscopy
Polyester based composites were fabricated and characterized for their tensile, morphological and dynamic mechanical properties such as storage and loss moduli as a function of temperature. The morphological attributes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and COSLAB microscope. The morphological investigations have revealed a uniformly distributed polyester matrix of the composites. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) revealed an enhancement in the energy dissipation ability of the composite 4GF and an average storage modulus of the composite 3GF/1FN relative to the soft polyester phase. The tensile modulus and tensile strength increased up to 0.5 %, accompanied by while the strain at break remained largely unaffected. Fractured surface morphology indicates that the failure mode of the composites undergoes a switch-over from matrix-controlled shear deformation to the filler-controlled loading of the composites for specific applications. Hence, the utilization of discarded fishnet incorporated composites mitigates the problem of waste disposal.
Ku H, Wang H, Pattarahaiyakoop N, Trada M. A review of tensile properties of natural fibre reinforced polymer composites. Composites: Part B 2011; 42(4): 856–73.
John MJ, Sabu T. Biofibres and Biocomposites. Carbohydr Polym 2008; 71(3): 342–64.
Moe MT, Kin L. Characterization of bamboo–glass fibre reinforced polymer matrix hybrid composite. J Mater Sci Eng Lett 2000; 19: 1873–6.
Mishra S, Mohanthy AK, Drzal LT, Misra M, Parija S, Nayak SK. Studies on mechanical performance of biofibre/glass reinforced polyester hybrid composites. Compos Sci Technol 2003; 63(10): 1377–85.
Athijayamani A, Thiruchitrambalam M, Natarajan U, Pazhanivel B. Effect of moisture absorbance on the mechanical properties of randomly oriented natural fibres/polyester hybrid composites. Mater Sci Eng A 2009; 517(1–2): 344–53.
Pothan LA, Zachariah O, Sabu T. Dynamic mechanical analysis of banana fibre reinforced polyester composites. Compos Sci Technol 2003; 63(2): 283–93.
Jose Jr HSA, Heritor Jr Lo, Sandro Ca, Franco Dra. Study of hybrid interlaminate curaua/glass composites. Mater Des 2012; 42: 111–7.
Idicula M, Malhothara SK, Joseph K, Thomas S. Dynamic mechanical analysis of randomly oriented intimately mixed short banana/sisal hybrid fibre reinforced composites. Compos Sci Technol 2005; 65(7–8): 1077–87.
Jawaid M, Abdulkalil HPS, Azman H, Rudi D, Hadiyane A. Effect of jute fibre loading on the tensile and dynamic mechanical properties of oil palm epoxy composites. Composites: Part B 2013; 45(1): 619–24.
Ozturk bulent. Hybrid effect in the mechanical properties of jute/rockwool hybrid fibre reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites. Fibre Polym 2010; 11(3): 464–73.
Gu J, Wu G, Zhang Q. Preparation and damping properties of flyash filled epoxy composites. Mater Sci Eng A 2007; 452–453: 614–8.
Jacob M, Francis B, Thomas S, Varughese KT. Dynamical mechanical analysis of sisal/oil palm hybrid fibre-reinforced natural rubber composites. Polym Compos 2006; 27(6): 671– 80.
Pothan LA, George CN, John MJ, Thomas S. Dynamic mechanical and dielectric behavior of banana-glass hybrid fibre reinforced polyester composites. J Reinforced Plast Compos 2010; 29(8): 1131–45.
Ornaghi Jr HL, Bolner AS, Fiorio R, Zattera AJ, Amico SC. Mechanical and dynamic mechanical analysis of hybrid composites molded by resin transfer molding. J Appl Polym Sci 2010; 118(2): 887–96.
Michael raj F, Nagarajan VA, Vinod kumar KP. Evaluation of mechanical behavior of multifilament waste fishnet/glass fibre in polyester matrix for the application of mechanized boat deckhouse in marine composites. Applied Mechanics and Materials 2014; 592-594: 2639-2644.
Michael raj F, Nagarajan VA, Vinod kumar KP. Mechanical behavior of FRP composites with used Fish net/glass fibre and polyester matrix. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research (IJAER) 2015; 10: 6375-6378.
F. Michael Raj, K. P. Vinod Kumar, S. Sahaya Elsi, M. M. G Jersy, , “Hybrid composites with discarded fishnet and polyester: a novel boat-building material” Ships and Offshore Structures, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/17445302.2018.1464890
Michael Raj.F, Nagarajan.V.A, S. Sahaya Elsi, “Waste to Poles: Discarded fishnet/glass fibre and Polyester for building Electrical Poles” Polymer Composites 2018, 2997-3005.
A. Amala Mithin Minther Singh, F. Michael Raj, P. Arul Franco, J.S. Binoj, “Evaluation of mechanical behavior of multifilament discarded fishnet/glass fibre and polyester composites for marine applications” Marine Structures 2018, 58, 361–366.
Michael Raj F, V.A. Nagarajan and S. SahayaElsi, “Mechanical Characterization of Discarded Monofilament Fishnet/Glass Fibre and Polyester Hybrid Composites”, Indian Journal of Ecology 2017, 44(2): 402-409.
Michael Raj.F, Nagarajan.V.A S. Sahaya Elsi, “Mechanical, physical and dynamical properties of glass fibre and waste fishnet hybrid composites” Polymer Bulletin 2016. DOI 10.1007/s00289-016-1783-3
Michael Raj. F, V.A. Nagarajan, S. Sahaya Elsi, R.S. Jayaram, “Effect of fibre content on flexural properties of fishnet/GFRP hybrid composites” Steel and Composite Structures, 2016, Vol. 22, No. 1, 13-24.
Guide for the design and construction of structural concrete reinforced with FRP bars. ACI 440.1R-06, 2006.