Tribological Performance Evaluation of TMPTO Based Nano-Lubricants




Tribology, Friction and wear, Manufacturing Engineering


In recent years, nano lubricants have gained significant attention due to their potential to enhance lubricant efficacy and reduce friction and wear. This research work aims to investigate the effects of TiO2 nanoparticles into trimethylolpropane trioleate (TMPTO) based bio-lubricant on its friction and wear characteristics. The four-ball tester is employed to evaluate the lubricating performance of the TMPTO-TiO2 nano-lubricant at varying additive concentrations under controlled conditions of speed, load, and temperature. The parameters were ranked based on the results of the Taguchi experiments and their corresponding single-to-noise ratios. The combination of TMPTO base oil and TiO2 nano-lubricant exhibited a synergistic effect in diminishing friction and wear. This research aligns with the growing demand for environmentally friendly and efficient lubrication solutions in various metalworking industries. Further investigation of the wear mechanism under TMPTO oil-based nano lubricants and its applicability in high-speed metal cutting applications is suggested.     


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Author Biography

Bhanudas Bachchhav, All India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society's College of Engineering, Punef

Dr.Bhanudas D. Bachchhav is currently working as a Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, All India Shri Shivaji Memorial Society’s, College of Engineering, Pune. He is having 20 years of teaching and research experience. He has more than 40 publications in various national and international journals. Dr. Bachchhav has completed three research projects funded by Savitribai Phule Pune University and also conducted various faculty development programs. His area of research is Manufacturing Engineering, Tribology, Metal forming and Non-conventional Machining


B. D. Bachchhav, “Challenges in formulating Vegetable Based Metalworking Lubricants: A Review,” in 2018 International Conference on Tribology (Tribo-India), Dec. 13-15, 2018.

B. D. Bachchhav, G. S. Lathkar, and H. Bagchi, “A study of tribo-characteristics of deep drawing oils,” Journal of Manufacturing Engineering, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 147-152, Sep. 2011.

B. D. Bachchhav, G. S. Lathkar, and H. Bagchi, “Tribology of drawing lubricants for low carbon steel,” Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 640-644, 2014.

Y. Wu, W. Li, and X. Wang, “Synthesis and properties of trimethylolpropane trioleate as lubricating base oil,” Lubrication Science, vol. 27, pp. 369-379, 2015.

P. S. Kathamore and B. D. Bachchhav, “Tribological investigations of trimethylolpropane trioleate bio-based lubricants,” Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 73, no. 7, pp. 1074-1083, 2021.

B. D. Bachchhav and P. S. Kathamore, “Wear behavior of environmentally friendly trimethylolpropane trioleate-based lubricant,” Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, vol. 74, no. 5, pp. 557-563, 2022.

M. J. G. Guimarey et al., “Lubricant properties of trimethylolpropane trioleate biodegradable oil: High pressure density and viscosity, film thickness, Stribeck curves and influence of nanoadditives,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 335, 2021.

J. M. Liñeira del Río et al., “Thermophysical and tribological properties of dispersions based on graphene and a trimethylolpropane trioleate oil,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 268, pp. 854-866, 2018.

J. M. Liñeira del Río et al., “Tribological and thermophysical properties of environmentally-friendly lubricants based on trimethylolpropane trioleate with hexagonal boron nitride nanoparticles as an additive,” Coatings, vol. 9, 509, 2019.

B. Bachchhav and H. Bagchi, “Effect of surface roughness on friction and lubrication regimes,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 38, pp. 169-173, 2021.

P. S. Kathamore and B. D. Bachchhav, “Grade classification of bio-based lube oil by multi-attribute decision making methods,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 43, pp. 760-768, 2021.

P. S. Kathmore, B. D. Bachchhav, and H. H. Bagchi, “Performance of additives concerning synergistic effect in lube oil,” International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 1874-1878, 2020.




How to Cite

B. Bachchhav, Y. Anecha, and B. Waghmare, “Tribological Performance Evaluation of TMPTO Based Nano-Lubricants”, JME, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 091–095, Aug. 2023.